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Kashubian (Kaszbi)

Kashubian or Cassubian (Kashubian: kaszbsczi jzk, pmrsczi jzk, kaszbsk-słowińsk mwa; Polish: język kaszubski) is one of the Lechitic languages, a subgroup of the Slavic languages.

Kashubian is assumed to have evolved from the language spoken by some tribes of Pomeranians called Kashubians, in the region of Pomerania, on the southern coast of the Baltic Sea between the Vistula and Oder rivers.

It is closely related to Slovincian, and both of them are dialects of Pomeranian. Until recently many linguists considered it a divergent dialect of Polish, although now it is recognized as the closest living relative of Polish, being the only other Lechitic language still spoken.

Similarly to Polish, Kashubian includes numerous loanwords from Low German, such as knszt (art), and some from German. Other sources of loanwords include the Baltic languages, Russian and Polish. In dialects of Kashubian a schwa occurs.

The first printed documents in Kashubian date from the end of the 16th century. The modern orthography was first proposed in 1879.

In the 2002 census, 53,000 people in Poland declared that they mainly use Kashubian at home. All Kashubian speakers are also fluent in Polish. A number of schools in Poland teach in Kashubian as a lecture language. It is used as an official alternative language for local administration purposes in Gmina Sierakowice and Gmina Parchowo in Pomeranian Voivodeship. Kashubian is also spoken by Kashubians living in Canada.

Important for Kashubian literature was Xazeczka dlo Kaszebov by doctor Florian Ceynowa (18171881). Hieronim Derdowski (1852-1902 in Winona, Minnesota) was another important author who wrote in Kashubian, as did doctor Aleksander Majkowski (18761938) from Koscierzyna. Jan Trepczyk was a poet of the language. Kashubian poet is Stanislaw Pestka too. There is Kashubian literature translated into Polish, English, German, Belarusian, Slovak, Finnish.

Following the collapse of communism in Poland, attitudes on the status of Kashubian have been gradually changing. It is increasingly seen as a fully-fledged language, as it is taught in state schools and has some limited usage on public radio and television. Since 2005 Kashubian has enjoyed legal protection in Poland as an official regional language. It is the only language in Poland with this status. Such status was granted by an act Polish Parliament on January 6 of the same year. The bill passed by the Polish parliament in 2005 provides for its use in official contexts in ten communes where Kashubian speakers constitute at least 20 percent of the population.

(Ref: Wikipedia)

Kashubian on

To find foods and foods and food-related items in in Kashubian you may search by any of the following terms:
East Eastern Europe European Cassubia Cassubian Kashub Kashubia Kashubian Kassubia Kassubian Kaszebsczi Kaszubian  Poland Polish Polski

These terms associated with languages are hidden behind the scenes as there is some crossover with other languages. The traveller in Poland may not be precisely certain which language is in use, and can search using more general terms such as 'Polish''.

You may use any of the above terms in any search you make using 'Translate from English' so that if you wish to search for a translation of milk, choose whichever of these language terms that you think is most appropriate, say:
'milk Cassubia' and then click on 'Translate from English'

One of the problems of providing searches in a multilingual world-wide food dictionary is trying to help people reach the things they are searching for. People do not always know the precise language being used, so these more general searches such as  'Polish' may help in a successful search.

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