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Persian (فارسی)

Persian, locally known as Farsi, is an Iranian language within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European languages. It is a language spoken by the Persian people, but due to the wide reach of the old Persian empire, it is spoken not just in Iran, but also in Afghanistan and Tajikistan; it has official-language status in these three countries.

The Persian language has been a medium for literary and scientific contributions to the Islamic world as well as the Western. It has had an influence on certain neighbouring languages, particularly the Turkic languages of Central Asia, Caucasus, and Anatolia as well as Urdu, Hindi, Saraiki and other Indian languages. It has had a lesser influence on Arabic and other languages of Mesopotamia.

For five centuries prior to the British colonization, Persian was widely used as a second language in the Indian subcontinent; it took prominence as the language of culture and education in several Muslim courts in South Asia and became the "official language" under the Mughal emperors. Only in 1843 did the subcontinent begin conducting business in English. Evidence of Persian's historical influence there can be seen in the extent of its influence on the languages of the Indian subcontinent, as well as the popularity that Persian literature still enjoys in that region.

Persian on

To find foods and foods and food-related items in in Persian you may search by any of the following terms:
East Eastern Farsee Farsi Iran Iranian Mid Middle Persia Persian

These terms associated with languages are hidden behind the scenes as there is some crossover with other languages. The traveller in Iran may not be precisely certain which language is in use, and can search using more general terms such as 'Iranian''.

You may use any of the above terms in any search you make using 'Translate from English' so that if you wish to search for a translation of 'evening meal,' choose whichever of these language terms that you think is most appropriate, say:
'Farsi evening meal' and then click on 'Translate from English'

One of the problems of providing searches in a multilingual world-wide food dictionary is trying to help people reach the things they are searching for. People do not always know the precise language being used, so these more general searches such as  'Iranian' may help in a successful search.

Also included in the glossary are dishes from the cuisine of the region, cookery terms, cooking methods, drinks, food festivals, days of the week, months of the year etc.

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