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Welsh (Cymraeg)

Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraegand is a member of the Brythonic branch of Celtic spoken natively in Wales, in England by some along the Welsh border and in the Welsh immigrant colony in the Chubut Valley in Argentine Patagonia.

There are speakers of Welsh throughout the world, most notably in the rest of Great Britain, the United States, Canada, Australia and New Zealand.

The most recent census figures (2001) presented in "Main Statistics about Welsh" by the Welsh Language Board, indicate 582,400 (20.8% of the population of Wales in households or communal establishments) were able to speak Welsh and 457,946 (16.3%) can speak, read and write it. This compares with 508,100 (18.7%) for 1991. Increasing use of the English language had led to a decline in the numbers of Welsh speakers. Since the introduction of the Welsh Language Act 1993, giving Welsh equal status with English in the public sector in Wales, this has been slowed.

The results of the "2004 Welsh Language Use Survey" indicate that there are 611,000 Welsh speakers in Wales (21.7% of the population living in households, a lower figure of 19.7% is given in the same paper), 62% claim to speak Welsh daily, and 88% of those fluent in the language speak it daily.

The 2004 and 2001 figures both suggest that around 14% of the Welsh population claim to speak Welsh daily. It is notable that the figures are from a survey and so fluency was not tested; however, fluency in the 2004 survey (versus a 1992 survey) was only greater in the 3-15 years age group (p.9) and that most of this increase came in the South East (p.10), in all other groups numbers of fluent speakers had declined.

See Welsh English, sometimes known as "Wenglish", for the English language as spoken in Wales. Officially, the English and Welsh languages have equal status in Wales. (Ref: Wikipedia)

Welsh on

To find foods and food-related items in in Welsh you may search by any sensible combination of the following terms:
Britain British Cymraeg Cymru England English Great Gymraeg Isles Kingdom UK United Welsh Wales

These terms associated with languages are hidden behind the scenes as there is some crossover with other languages. This is not intended to be offensive and I apologise to anyone who feels affronted. In the same way I have included 'Indian' in the search terms for foods of Sri Lanka, Likewise for other Indian, African or South American food terms, where any of hundreds of languages may be in use. It is simply to aid the traveller, often ignorant of the finer detail.

You may use any of the above terms in any search you make using 'Translate from English' so that if you wish to search for a translation of whiting or yeast, choose whichever of these language terms that you think is most appropriate, say
'Cymru whiting' or 'Welsh yeast' and then click on 'Translate from English'.

One of the problems of providing searches in a multilingual world-wide food dictionary is trying to help people reach the things they are searching for. People do not always know the precise language being used, so these more general searches such as  'British' may help in a successful search.

Also included in the glossary are dishes from the cuisine of the region, cookery terms, cooking methods, drinks, food festivals, days of the week, months of the year etc.

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