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This is the searchable online international food dictionary with 67,413 terms in 307 languages plus 42,027 plurals.

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The database behind this site was the loving creation of Suzy Oakes, who has since passed away. She is greatly missed. You can see her obituary in the Guardian

A cookbook, featuring Suzy's favourite recipies, is available. People who are interested should contact Mun Flint. Currently, the cost is £12.50 plus postage and packing. All proceeds go to the Suzy Oakes Trust for Mill Road.

Picture of cover of recipe book


Language: Italian

Description: Pizza has existed in one form or another since prehistory, when bread was cooked on flat stones. Later on the Neapolitans cooked focaccia. Flatbreads such as this could be cooked easily around a fire, carried by workers in the fields and were cheap to produce. There were many precursors to pizza, which really came into being when the tomato was brought from the New World to Europe in the late 1600s. The addition of mozzarella and basil occurred as a patriotic gesture when Don Raffaele Esposito decorated a pizza in this way to represent the colours of the Italian flag (red, white and green) in honour of the visit of Queen Margherita, Queen of Savoy, in 1889. Neapolitan emigrants took pizza to the United States with them and set up shops for selling them. Pizza Hut was founded in the 1950s and there are now said to be 62,000 pizzerias in the US.

There is a womderful Associazione Vera Pizza Napoletana, fighting to maintain the purity of the original pizza and its ingredients. It sets out strict rules about the dimensions, qualities of the crust, the methods of preparation and production. I think I have only once eaten a pizza which has complied with all their requirements and it was worth the journey.

In Italy it is traditional not to serve salad with pizza.

In 1997, when the UK had the presidency of the then European Union, Downing Street asked 30 school children to design the logo for the year. A huge diplomatic row was caused because the children used a pizza to represent Italy. At the time, Romano Prodi made a public complaint against Tony Blair after seeing the logo on a commemorative tie.

Pizza may also refer to a pie often made with yeast dough, cake or any flatbread.

Pronounced: PEETS-tsah
Gender: f
Ethnicity: Italian
Most frequent country: Widespread
Most frequent region: Naples in Campania

See places: Italian food and cuisine, Campania, Neapolitan food and cuisine

See foods and dishes: focaccia, mozzarella, pizza margherita

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